Introduction

What is this unit about?

What is our global responsibility? What do we know about other cultures, issues, societies and causes? Should we know? More importantly are we responsible to help those who do not have the basic needs we have or struggle to maintain their way of life? Is it their problem or is it ours? If we, as part of this world, have an obligation to those in need what should we do, and what approach should we take? Global awareness is important in today's changing world of rapid knowledge growth and societal changes. New issues are arising every year as are disasters and environmental issues. Living in today's Western World we have the opportunity to change and solve these issues through scientific knowledge and global outreach. Equally important is the need to inform our Western citizen's of their responsibility globally. That is why it is asked that we make these issues known so that people understand the impact their existence has on the planet. How much do we as Westerners consume in comparison to those living in developing/third world countries? These are questions that make people stop, consider and act upon their duty as a global citizen. We are all human beings with rights and needs. Therefore we should see these needs and rights are given and that others are aware of their duty.
Rachael and David are an English couple who have travelled to Tanzania to help the Maasai, a local tribe. Environmental, governmental and societal issues oppress this tribe. Throughout the unit you will evaluate ways to assist Rachael and David and raise money for their pipeline project. This will ensure a more substantial water supply to the local tribes. More importantly you must consider the Maasai's situation in comparison to other global situations. What is the base problem? What are the factors really at work here? How will you inform your community of these issues and inspire them to reach out to a people halfway round the globe?


The problem

In Tanzania, a republican African country (CIA, 2011), situated on the eastern coast of Africa live several indigenous tribes known as the Maasai. The Maasai have a long history dating back to the 15th century when they migrated from southern Kenya, south of the Nile (Wikipedia, 2011). They pushed out other tribes spreading out their population from Northern Kenya to mid Tanzanian coasts. Much later in the late 1800's, 1883-1902, a period known as the 'Emutai' hit the Maasai (Wikipedia, 2011). Diseases such as bovine pleuropneumonia, rindpest and smallpox wiped out cattle and human populations (Wikipedia, 2011). Unfortunately this period also coincided with a drought making it hard for the Maasai to maintain their cattle. In 1904 and 1911 they made a treaty with the British giving up over 60% of their lands (Wikipedia, 2011). The british evicted them to present-day Kajiado and Narok districts to make room for settlers and ranchers (Wikipedia, 2011). Today the Tanzanian and Kenyan governments continue to harass the Maasai urging them to take up a more sedentary lifestyle (Wikipedia, 2011). Being pastoralists the Maasai need large amounts of land to graze their cattle. This is a problem for the NCAA who want to create more national parks to protect the wildlife.
In the midst of these political struggles the Maasai battle another major issue - drought (WTWT, 2010). There is not enough water to maintain the lands and give to the cattle. The strict resource usage imposed by the NCA makes it very hard for the Maasai to obtain sufficient water. Rachael and David, a couple from the UK, have set up a project called 'Westen Turville Wells for Tanzania'. This has been going since 2008. So far they have built four wells within the Ngorongoro National Park (the area where this Maasai tribe lives). However these haven't been sufficient. Recently, in 2010 they have taken the iniative to fund a much bigger project. This project involves setting up a gravity fed pipeline from the Munge River to pump water to the Maasai bomas and the Irekeepusi village (the village where Rachael and David live). It will produce the equivalent of 50 wells! There is one problem however... This project will cost 100,000 pounds (UK currency)! How can you help Rachael and David reach their goal? What can you do within your community to raise money for this project? You must contact Rachael, ask about TWTW project, connect with the school in Irekeepusi, and discover ways you can promote the Maasain culture in your community. How could you promote this tribe's needs and environmental situations? How can you persuade or inspire people to give to this cause?


References

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maasai_people

http://www.wellsfortanzania.org/#

http://www.uiowa.edu/~africart/toc/people/Maasai.html

http://www.survivalinternational.org/tribes/maasai

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/tz.html